Herbal collection

Where we purchase medicinal herbs

The medicinal herbs are purchased all year round in Švenčionys, and during the season time, i.e. from 25 May to 30 October, in Varėna.
The buyer of medicinal herbs in Švenčionys is Nijolė Urbanavičienė, mob. phone: +370 687 41277.
The medicinal herbs are purchased every business day: Monday to Thursday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Friday from 8 a.m. to 3:45 p.m.
Lunch break: from 12 p.m. to 12:45 p.m.
The buyer of medicinal herbs in Varėna is Jonas Saulevičius, tel.: +370 658 07410.
The medicinal herbs are purchases every business day from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.

Purchase price of medicinal herbs

RAW MATERIALS PRICE, EUR / KG
Sweet flag rhizomes 2,70
Hop cones 3,00
Raspberry leaves 1,70
Birch leaves 1,50
Lingonberry leaves 4,00
Thyme herb 2,90
Greater celandine herb 1,80
Common horsetail herb 1,50
Rose hips 1,70
Hawthorn fruit 1,70
St John’s-wort herb 1,65
Blackcurrant leaves  3,00
Juniper berry 2,50
Wormwood herb 1,40
Dandelion roots 3,60
Yarrow leaves herb 1,70
Three-lobe beggarticks herb 2,40
Hop clover herb 1,40
Linden blossoms 7,00
Calendula flowers
Lemon balm leaves 3,00
Bearberry leaves 3,80
Tormentil rhizomes 4,20
Wild pansy herb 1,70
Ground pine spores 18,00
Peppermint leaves 2,50
Broadleaf plantain leaves 3,00
Bean pods 0,90
Pine buds 3,20
Camomile flowers 5,00
Lady’s mantle herb 2,80
Oregano herb 1,80
Goldenrod herb 1,50
Immortelle flowers 4,30
Motherwort herb 2,00
Coltsfoot leaves 2,00
Rowan fruit 3,00
Valerian rhizomes with roots 3,10
Meadowsweet herb 1,40
Wild strawberry leaves 3,00

The prices and quantities of raw materials may change depending on the production needs.
Medicinal herb buyer Nijolė Urbanavičienė +37068741277.

The procedure of purchase and acceptance of medicinal herbs

During acceptance of the raw materials, its homogeneity is determined visually according to the preparation method (crushed, non-crushed, compressed, etc.), colour, smell and impurity content; the raw materials are examined for the presence of mould, rot and persistent foreign odours, contamination with poisonous plants, pests and extraneous matters (stones, glass, rodent and bird excrements, etc.).

 

Upon identification of the following infringements:

Non-homogeneity of raw materials;

Signs of mould and rot;

Quantity of impurities clearly exceeding the allowable limits, etc.;

Presence of poisonous plants;

Pest infestation of raw materials (degree II and III);

Presence of impurities, such as glass, bird and rodent excrements;

Loss of natural colour of raw materials (due to moulding, rotting or other reasons);

Presence of a persistent foreign odour;
Raw material does not conform to standard characteristics;

the batch of vegetable raw materials will be rejected without analysis and returned to the supplier.

Main rules for harvesting medicinal herbs

When harvesting medicinal herbs, it is necessary to follow certain rules:

Only the quantity of medicinal herbs that can be subsequently immediately processed must be harvested.

Only densely growing plants can be picked, leaving sparsely growing or single plants.

Medicinal herbs must be harvested in a manner that preserves their quality, in order to avoid loss of raw materials.

During harvesting, to avoid damaging the plants and take only the parts that will be used for preparation of the medicinal raw material.

When harvesting the underground plant parts, some pieces of rhizomes must be left at the digging site and the soil must be levelled out. Only the roots and rhizomes of mature plants may be harvested.

Only the quantity of leaves from the trees and bushes that will not weaken the plant or damage its appearance must be picked. Only fully matured leaves must be picked.

When harvesting one species of plants, other species or crops may not be destroyed.

Do not harvest plants that grow along the roads, nearby the cities, factories, petrol stations, fertiliser or chemical material warehouses, power stations, railways, landfills and farms.

Which medicinal herbs must be harvested in spring, summer and autumn?

Spring: pine and birch buds, as well as the coltsfoot leaves, dandelion leaves, nettle leaves and blueberry sprouts.
Summer: linden blossoms, camomile flowers, John’s-wort herb, thyme herb, three-lobe beggarticks herb, knotgrass herb, yarrow leaves herb, motherwort herb, wormwood herb, common wormwood herb, bogbean leaves, immortelle flowers, raspberry leaves, broadleaf plantain leaves, calendula blossoms, oregano herb and ground pine spores.
Autumn: rowan fruit, rose hips, hawthorn fruit and valerian root.
Iceland moss must be harvested from May to September.
Sweet flag rhizomes, tormentil rhizomes and dandelion roots must be harvested in spring or autumn.
Bearberry and lingonberry leaves must be harvested between the months of April and May or September and October.

Requirements for specific medicinal herbs

Nettle leaves:

The vegetable raw material of nettle leaves consists of the whole or crushed leaves.
Allowable impurities: no more than 2 % of blossom residue, no more than 5 % of stems and no more than 5 % of other extraneous matters.

St John’s-wort herb:
The raw material consist of the common St John’s-wort tops harvested during the plant flowering period, crushed or non-crushed, dried.
Allowable impurities: stems with a max. diameter of 5 mm – no more than 3 %, and no more than 2 % of other extraneous matters.

Peppermint leaves:
The peppermint leaves harvested during the drying phase, dried and separated from the stems.
Allowable impurities: no more than 5 % of stems (max. stem diameter – 1.5 mm). Other extraneous matters – no more than 2 %. No more than 8 % of leaves with brown spots.

Lemon balm leaves:
The raw material consists of dried lemon balm leaves.
Allowable impurities: no more than 10 % of stems with a max. diameter of 1 mm, and no more than 2 % of other extraneous matters.

Raspberry leaves:
The leaves of wild and cultivated raspberries must be harvested before ripening of the fruit (May-July).
The leaves must be dried in a well-ventilated room protected against direct sunlight.
The raw material may contain no more than 5 % of leaves that lost its natural colour; organic additives may comprise no more than 1 %, mineral additives – no more than 0.5 %.

Lingonberry leaves:
The leaves must be dried in a well-ventilated room protected against direct sunlight. 100 kg of fresh leaves will yield 20-22 kg of dried product.
The content of other lingonberry parts (including stems) may not exceed 1 %.

Thyme herb:
100 kg of fresh herb will yield 32-34 kg of dried product.
The plants used for medicinal purposes must be harvested during their flowering period. They must be dried in a well-ventilated room protected against direct sunlight. The drying temperature must not exceed 40ºC. The herb must be dried loosely spread until the stems begin to crumble.

Coltsfoot leaves:
Clean and healthy leaves must be picked before overgrowing (top side – dark green, bottom side – grey and felt-like). The leaves must be spread out in a thin layer and dried in a well-ventilated room.
The content of dried brown leaves must not exceed 5 %; crumbled leaf parts – no more than 2 %; organic impurities – no more than 0.5 %; mineral impurities – no more than 1 %.

Rose hips:
Quality requirements for rose hips (maximum allowable impurities content):
Other rose parts (branches, sepals, parts of fruit stalks) – no more than 2 %;
Blackened and lightly burnt fruit, and fruit affected by pests and diseases – no more than 5 %;
Organic impurities – no more than 0.5 %
Mineral impurities – no more than 0.5 %.
The moisture content of dried fruit must not be more than 15 %.
100 kg of fresh hips will yield 32-35 kg of dried product.
Rose hips must be harvested when fully ripened, including the chalice, and dried immediately.

Hawthorn fruit:
Fruit harvested for medicinal purposed must be picked in September-October and must not include fruit stalks. The fruit must be dried in an over or in an open air. The dried fruit must remain round- or oval-shaped, firm, free of fruit stalks, wrinkled, dark red or orange, with 2-4 seeds, a mild smell and a slight tart taste. 100 kg of fresh fruit will yield 25 kg of dried product.

Dandelion roots:
Cleaned and washed roots must be dried in a warm, ventilated room for 3-4 days, then at a 60°C temperature (temperature may also be lower – 40-50°C) in a well-ventilated facility. The dried roots must not include the root crown. The roots must be brown or dark brown, 10-15 cm long, and 0.3-1.5 in diameter.
100 kg of raw material will yield 33-35 kg of dried product.

Yarrow leaves herb:
The raw material consists of crushed and non-crushed, dried, blooming tops of common yarrow leaves. Allowable impurities: no more than 5 % of stems with a max. diameter of 3 mm, and no more than 2 % of other extraneous matters.

Linden blossoms
The raw material consists of the dried blossoms of the small-leaved, large-leaved and common linden or a mixture thereof. The content of impurities (organic and mineral) must not exceed 2 %.
The content of deflorated blossoms with fruit must not exceed 3 %.

Calendula flowers
Flower heads are used for medicinal purposes. They are harvested at the start of the flowering period every 2-3 days and later 4-5 days.
They must be dried at a temperature no higher than 40-45ºC.
During analysis, the content of receptacle residue, also those separated from the flower head, may not exceed 6 %.

Ground pine spores
The spore spicules are harvested as they begin to turn yellow, which occurs from the third quarter of June until August. It is best to perform harvesting early in the morning or after a rain, in dry weather (a slightest touch causes the dry spicules to release spores). The harvested spicules must be placed in containers or on paper, dried well in a warm room or above the furnace. Dried spicules allow to easily collect the spores. The well-dried spicules and emptied out spores must be sifted through a very dense silk sieve.
The properly prepared spores are yellow and have a fine powder consistency, odourless and tasteless. The moisture content may not exceed 6 % (when compressed in a fist, they must not form lumps).

Absinthe (wormwood)
The medicinal raw material consists of dried wormwood herb harvested at the start of flowering. The 25 cm long foliage (flowering tops and leaves) must be harvested during the flowering period (July-August).
Allowable impurities: raw material may contain no more than 5 % of stems with a max. diameter of 4 mm, and no more than 2 % of other extraneous matters.

Pine buds
Harvested in early spring (in March). The buds must be in a swelling phase, but not open. The buds that have opened or at the start opening will not be accepted. They must be cut together with a part of the stem, which is no longer than 3 mm. The buds must be dried in a shade (at a temperature no higher than 20-25°C) in a well-ventilated room. May not be dried in an over or furnace, as it will cause them to quickly open up. 100 kg of fresh buds will yield 38-40 kg of dried product.

Camomile flowers
Flower heads are used for medicinal purposes. Peduncles (stalks) may not be longer than 3 cm. The harvested flower head may not be stored in baskets or piles for longer than 2-3 hours, as they quickly heat up and darken, which causes deterioration of their quality. The harvested flower heads must be spread out in a thin layer (1 kg flowers per 1 m2) and dried away from direct sunlight in a well-ventilated room. May be dried in a thermal over at a temperature no higher than 40ºC. The flowers will dry perfectly in an open air within a week.
100 kg of fresh flower heads will yield 25-27 kg of dried product.

Oregano herb
Foliage is used for medicinal purposes. It must be cut at 20-30 cm above the ground during the flowering period, in July-August. The herbs must be dried in an open shed or in a specialised oven at a temperature no higher than 40°C. The dried leaves must preserve the green colour; the flowers must be fragrant and whitish.

Immortelle flowers
Only flower heads in full bloom must be harvested for medicinal use. The flower heads that are not in full bloom or at the end of blooming are not suitable for harvesting, as they contain less of the active substances. The flower heads must be harvested together with a 1-2 cm long stem top.
The moisture content of dried raw material must not exceed 14 %; crumbled leaf parts – no more than 5 %; stems – no more than 2 %; organic and mineral impurities – no more than 0.5 % each.

Knotgrass herb
The foliage of the knotgrass plant is used for medicinal purposes. It must be harvested during the flowering period. The dried raw material must include crushed yellowish blossoms, which are odourless with a slight tart taste. The content of leafless stems in the raw material may not exceed 3 %; other parts of the plant – no more than 2 %; mineral additives – no more than 1 %.

Valerian 
Natural habitat of valerian is forests, riverside bushes and wet meadows.
The valerian rhizomes with roots are used for medicinal purposes. They must be harvested in a late autumn. Dug out roots must be cleaned, washed and slightly dried in a shade in an open air for 1-2 days. They must then be dried at a temperature no higher than 35-40ºC. 100 kg of fresh roots will yield 32-36 kg of dried product.
The skin of the dried roots must be light brown or brown, with a white or whitish inside.
The content of stems may not exceed 5 %; other impurities – no more than 2 %.

The medicinal herbs must be delivered in clean containers: textile, paper or white polypropylene bags, or in carton boxes. At the purchasing points, the raw materials will be transferred into the company’s containers, and the suppliers’ containers will be returned to them.

Agreements with the company

The company concludes purchase agreements and agreements for cultivated medicinal herbs. For conclusion of agreements, please contact the company’s supply department, tel.: +370 387 68001. Opening hours: Monday to Thursday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Friday from 8 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. Lunch break: from 12 p.m. to 12:45 p.m.

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